The natural color of diesel fuels has traditionally varied from colorless to amber. As refinery processing of the diesel fuel increases to remove sulfur, the color tends to get lighter and the diesel can change color. When it changes color the diesel is typically light in tone and can be green, orange or pink.
Beginning with model-year 2007, diesel-powered highway vehicles must use ULSD. Owners of 2006 and earlier model-year diesel vehicles may use ULSD or low sulfur diesel during the transition period. Starting Dec. 1, 2010, only ULSD will be available for on-highway use.
Yes, but only ultra low sulfur kerosene (No. 1 diesel with no more than 15 ppm sulfur). There are many kerosene formulations on the market, so be careful to choose one with a maximum of 15 ppm sulfur. Blend rates will remain the same as with low-sulfur diesel fuel.
Probably. No one can predict with certainty the price of ULSD fuel at the pump. Many factors affect the consumer price of fuels, including the price of crude oil on the global market, geopolitical, weather, transportation and economic events, as well as supply and demand.
Under typical operating conditions, there should be no noticeable impact on overall power using ULSD fuel. Fuel economy may be reduced slightly because the process that removes sulfur also can reduce the energy content of the fuel.
Engine and vehicle manufacturers expect ULSD to be fully compatible with the existing fleet, including 2006 and earlier model year vehicles. In some instances, however, the introduction of ULSD fuel to older vehicles may affect fuel system components or loosen deposits in fuel tanks. As part of a good maintenance program, owners and operators of existing trucks and buses are encouraged to monitor their diesel-powered vehicles closely for potential fuel system leaks or premature fuel filter plugging during the changeover to ULSD fuel.
Diesel-powered engines for 2007 and later model year highway vehicles are designed to operate only with ULSD fuel. Using anything else will reduce the efficiency and durability of engines, permanently damage advanced emissions control systems, reduce fuel economy and possibly prevent the vehicles from running at all. Manufacturer warranties are likely to be voided by improper fuel use. Also, burning low-sulfur diesel in 2007 and later model-year diesel-powered trucks and buses is illegal and punishable with civil penalties.
Like low-sulfur diesel, ULSD fuel requires good lubricity and corrosion inhibitors to prevent unacceptable engine wear. As necessary, additives to increase lubricity and to inhibit corrosion will be added to ULSD prior to its retail sale. With these additives, ULSD is expected to perform as well as low sulfur diesel.
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